"Three Mountains Era" in the history of the Ryukyu Islands. illustrator artwork They successively launched tributary relations with the Ming Dynasty of China and accepted the canonization of the Ming Dynasty. Wind Lion Lord Ryukyu unification In 1406, Wu Ning, the king of , was overthrown by the local aristocrats, and was overthrown by Shang and Shang and their sons, and established the "First Shang Dynasty" and was recognized by the Ming Dynasty.
Under the leadership of S Kingdom destroyed Beishan Kingdom in 1416 and Nanshan Kingdom in 1429. The first Shang Dynasty, centered Castle, became the first unified regime in the history of Ryukyu. Second Shang Dynasty In 1469, King of the first Shang Dynasty died suddenly, and Wan, a famous and important official, was supported. Wan was renamed Shang Yuan, and in 1471 (the 7th year of), he accepted the canonization of the Ming Dynasty and became the king of , establishing the "Second Palace". Shang Dynasty". i Castle 16th century In the 16th century, during the Warring States Period of Japan, due to the rampant Japanese pirates, the relationship between the Ming Dynasty and Japan deteriorated and trade was restricted.
Daimyo all over Japan urgently needed to expand their interests. Ryukyu, which maintained trade with China, became one of the targets of Japanese aggression. Japanese pirates Japanese Credit: Unknown @Wiki Public Domain Satsuma vassal state In 1609 (the 37th year of and the 14th year of ), the Satsuma domain in Kyushu invaded Ryukyu, and King of the Ryukyu Kingdom was defeated. Continuing to trade with China, the Ryukyu Kingdom remained nominally independent. At the same time subject to China and Satsuma In 1871, Japan's Meiji Restoration implemented the "abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures", and the Ryukyu Kingdom was incorporated into Kagoshima Prefecture after the Satsuma Domain was abolished. Since the subjects belonged to China and Satsuma at the same time, the Ryukyu Kingdom was not officially annexed by Japan. three lines