Jul 06, 2022
In General Discussions
In this framework, there has also Country Email List been a decolonization of names and surnames: new births receive names in Mapuzungun. This is a sample of what is known as "pride in being Mapuche", a result of the actions of the movement, which has Country Email List increased ethnicity in recent years8. For the Mapuche, all beings and spaces in nature are assigned a soul that harmonizes with the rest of the existing lives in Wallmapu. According to Elicura Chihuailaf: «our existence is affirmed in two great norms that regulate people among Country Email List themselves and people with the natural environment that surrounds them. They are the concepts of Nor and Az». The first Country Email List refers to the guidelines of the relationship that people should have with nature and its components, while the second points to the recognition and determination of the Country Email List biological and family origin of each Mapuche. The latter makes it possible to articulate the relationship of each family with its place of origin, the foundation of the Lof, which after the process of territorial reduction resulted in what the 1993 Indigenous Law classified as "communities." In order to Country Email List understand the recent internal debates of the Mapuche people, it is necessary to distinguish the traditional communities. Which derived from the Country Email List post-Occupation of Araucanía grant titles, from the new communities created under the Indigenous Law 19,253 of 1993, which allows the association of Mapuche people who apply for the purchase of land Country Email List not exclusively in their original territories, which has been a source of new controversies within the Mapuche people. On the one hand, lands are "recovered", but on the other, the regulations of the balance based on the Az Mapu (Mapuche legal system) are broken, by Country Email List inserting Mapuche people from other territorial identities in territories to which they do not belong. from cosmological perspectives.